The Natural History of New Zealand
New Zealand has a unique natural history, having been separated from Gondwanaland millions of years ago it has became an isolated ecosystem dominated by birds. New Zealand has become unique because, mammals, for the most part, were not part of the evolution of life for this country. Since the first humans arrived less than 1000 years ago a decline in the native wildlife and bird populations has occurred, with the most dramatic decline over that last 200 years. Now many of these species are isolated to offshore islands and inland sanctuaries. The reasons for this loss has been due to the continued removal of habitat and food sources as well as the introduction of mammalian predators such as the rat, stoat, cat and possum. Certain areas have managed to reduce predator numbers to such an extent that the birds have begun to repopulate. (Link Wellington Karori article).
Interesting articals https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2016/oct/12/importance-urban-forests-money-grow-trees
We humans have recently, been able to understand the mistakes of our ancestors and many people now have learnt the ability of foresight, to understand what the effects of our decisions today will have on future of life on our planet. We have learnt how to preserve forests and how to restore the wildlife, in New Zealand the formula is fairly unique and simple:
1- Create habitat through planting of native trees
2- Control and eliminate predators
3- Reintroduce species from the existing preservation parks
Fortunately for New Zealand the preservation and replanting of our native forests has become financially appealing, mainly due to the advent of the valuable and useful Manuka Honey. The problem Manuka Honey farmers have is that there is not enough trees.
, since the time the land separated from Gondwana. This was at a time that the dinosaurs became extinct and bird began to dominate the earth. Mamals were yet to develop and due to New Zealand being seperated the only mammels that evolved were the bats. New Zeland became to land of the birds